Abax Incorporated
51-09 2nd Street
Long Island City, NY 11101
718-784-2229 (PH)
718-784-2296 (Fax)
postmaster@abax-inc.com



Asbestos Abatement

Comprehensive range of asbestos abatement services

ABAX incorporated provides a comprehensive range of asbestos abatement services to enable the people who control governmental, commercial, industrial, and residential facilities to meet their abatement and regulatory obligations in the most efficient and cost effective manner, with considerations for critical time paths and time constraints realized.

State of the art equipment and facilities

ABAX Inc. is fully equipped with the state of the art equipment and facilities to provide removal and proper disposal of any type of asbestos containing material such as HVAC ducting, acoustic ceilings, furnace insulation, piping, sprayed-on fire proofing and sound insulation, floor and ceiling tiles, and any other asbestos-containing products.

Asbestos abatement asbestos baggers

Latest asbestos abatement methods

At ABAX we are committed in employing the latest innovative and cost efficient abatement techniques and methods in order to minimize interruption to your operations, while performing all procedures in accordance with federal, state and local regulations.

Asbestos Abatement Specialists fully trained, licensed and experienced

All of our experienced Asbestos Abatement Specialists are fully trained and licensed in asbestos abatement. Our abatement specialists are important to our company and ultimately to your project. ABAX has implemented a rigid health and safety-monitoring program to insure our abatement specialists clean health by providing regular medical examinations, fit tests for respiratory devices, and continued training and education.

Asbestos encapsulation or encasement also provided

In certain situations, encasement of an asbestos contaminated area may provide an equally satisfactory and less costly solution to the dangers of asbestos exposure rather than complete removal. Procedures may include encapsulation, coating and / or removal of deteriorating sections only. ABAX' procedures for containment meet federal, state and local standards.

Asbestos abatement asbestos sprayer


Asbestos Information What is Asbestos

Sources and types of asbestos

Asbestos is a mineral that is mined from deposits found all over the world including the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Australia, and the former Soviet Union. Asbestos is the term given to a group of naturally occurring fibrous varieties of a number of silicate minerals. Asbestos types occur within two groups of minerals: The serpentine minerals and the amphibole minerals.

Chrysotile (white asbestos), which accounted for approximately 95% of the asbestos used in US production of asbestos products, and is the only member of the serpentine group of minerals.

Crocidolite (blue asbestos), amosite, (brown asbestos), anthophyllite, tremolite and actinolite asbestos are all members of the amphibole group.

Of the six types of asbestos, only chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite and to a lesser extent anthophyllite are mined for commercial use. Tremolite and actinolite have not been mined commercially although can be found as impurities in other commercially available mineral products.

Asbestos fibers

Properties and uses of asbestos

The primary useful physical properties of asbestos is its thermal stability and resistance, chemical resistance, high tensile strength, abrasion resistance, low electrical and thermal conductivity, low biodegradability and good sound absorption qualities.

The presence of asbestos in commercial products varies depending upon the products uses. While all forms of asbestos are fibrous silicates, they differ in their chemical composition and properties, crystalline structure and fibre dimensions and as such, their commercially useful properties also vary.

All asbestos types are excellent thermal insulators and have been widely used in fire proofing and thermal system insulation materials, such as on steel structural beams, furnaces, heating ducting, steam and hot water pipes. The amphibole group has considerable resistance to chemical corrosion, and subsequently has been used in environments that are prone to attack by acids. Both chrysotile and crocidolite have high tensile strength and as such have been widely used in the manufacture of woven asbestos products.

Common asbestos products

The following are a small list of commercially manufactured asbestos products:

Risk of asbestos

All asbestos containing materials are considered to be a potential hazard to health and life. Asbestos is listed and regulated by the federal government as a toxin and is known carcinogen.

All forms of asbestos containing materials can be broadly divided into the following two groups: friable and non-friable. Friability refers to the potential for the material to release asbestos fibres into the air.

A friable asbestos containing material is defined as any material that contains asbestos that can be crumbled pulverized or reduced to powder by hand pressure when dry. Friable asbestos containing materials include sprayed asbestos insulation, pipe and boiler insulation and non-bonded asbestos fabric.

When used in non-friable asbestos containing materials, the non-friable asbestos materials are relatively difficult to crush or to be damaged by ones hand. Non-friable asbestos containing materials include asbestos cement sheet products, vinyl floor tile, electrical switchboards etc.

In general, friable asbestos containing materials represent the greatest risk to health and life, due to its ability to become airborne. The type and percentage of the asbestos, and the friability of an asbestos containing material can vary substantially. Therefore there is a large variation in the exposure risks associated with the presence of asbestos containing materials within buildings and the removal / abatement of various asbestos containing materials.

Determining whether you have asbestos containing materials

Confirmation of the asbestos content and type within a suspect material should only be performed through meticulous and careful analysis by appropriately trained, licensed, and qualified personnel (Such personnel are commonly referred to as environmental / asbestos consultants). Asbestos analysis is usually performed by Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM), which is fast and inexpensive to perform. Confirmation analysis may also be performed by X-Ray diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) or Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

An important part of the risk assessment associated with asbestos containing materials is the determination of airborne fibre levels. Airborne asbestos fibre monitoring is performed by a technique known as the Membrane Filter Method. A sample of air is collected onto a membrane filter, with subsequent analysis by Phase Contrast Microscopy (PCM). All analytical methods are defined in federal register.

Allied Environmental Services recommends that you choose an asbestos consultant that is licensed by the State of California Division of Occupational Safety and Health. Or if you wish to analyze your own sample, AES recommends that you use an accredited laboratory that employs EPA/NIOSH methods and who participate in QA/QC programs. However, the more definitive method is Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).

Health issues associated with asbestos

Inhalation of asbestos fibres may lead to the following pulmonary-respiratory diseases:

However, asbestos related diseases do not appear for a long time following exposure to asbestos. The period of time that passes between being exposed to airborne asbestos fibre and the disease being diagnosed is commonly referred to as the latency period (15-45 years dependent on exposure).

Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is divided into two types of cancers: Pleural Mesothelioma which is a disease that affects that lining of the lung / chest cavity, and Peritoneal Mesothelioma which affects that lining of the abdominal cavity. Nearly 4000 people die of Mesothelioma per year. The risk of developing Mesothelioma depends on duration and intensity of exposure. Typical Symptoms of Mesothelioma patients are chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, weight loss, and sexual dysfunction, and in the later stages of the disease; some patients exhibit deformation of the chest and abdominal cavity.

Asbestosis is a disease that results in the scarring of the lung tissue.

Asbestos "One Fibre Theory"

One prominent, yet misconceived theory is that only one inhaled asbestos fibre can cause Asbestos Disease. The One Fibre Theory was put forth in 1964 by an American Newspaper following a diagnosis of non-occupational Mesothelioma in women and children.

However, this one fibre theory is not recognized by the scientific / medical community for the following reasons:

         The majority of people living in urban areas, not occupationally exposed to asbestos, have large number of asbestos fibres in their lungs. Studies show that only one in million per year are diagnosed with Mesothelioma.

Related asbestos links

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
All Mesothelioma